Sir George HOME, 7th Baron of Wedderburn

Male Abt 1552 - 1616  (~ 64 years)

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  • Name George HOME  [1, 2
    Prefix Sir 
    Suffix 7th Baron of Wedderburn 
    Born Abt 1552  Wedderburn Castle, Berwickshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Gender Male 
    Reference Number 8192 
    _UID 080A337DAFC3410C809BC2FB0258C49C13A8 
    Died 24 Nov 1616 
    Person ID I1360  Clan Home Genealogy
    Last Modified 16 Feb 2016 

    Father Sir David HOME, 6th Baron of Wedderburn,   b. 1520, Wedderburn Castle, Berwickshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Sep 1574  (Age 54 years) 
    Mother Mariota JOHNSTONE,   d. 1564 
    Married 1543  [2, 4
    Family ID F529  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Jean HALDANE,   b. Abt 1564,   d. 1597, Wedderburn Castle, Berwickshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 33 years) 
    Married 15 Jan 1577  Gleneagles, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. Sir David HOME, 8th Baron of Wedderburn,   b. Abt 1586,   d. 3 Sep 1650, Battle Of Dunbar, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 64 years)
     2. Jean HOME,   d. Yes, date unknown
     3. Isabel HOME,   d. Bef 3 Aug 1610
     4. Elizabeth HOME,   d. Yes, date unknown
     5. Margaret HOME,   d. Yes, date unknown
     6. Mary HOME,   d. Yes, date unknown
     7. Beatrice HOME,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 14 Oct 2008 
    Family ID F528  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 15 Jan 1577 - Gleneagles, Scotland Link to Google Earth
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  • Notes 
    • 7th Baron of Wedderburn

      "... appointed Warden of East Marches in 1578, and Comptroller of Scotland in 1597. He died 24th November 1616."
      [The Scottish Nation, by William Anderson on page 484.]

      Captain of Horse in war against England, Warden of East Marches, 1578; Comptroller of Household to James VI, 1597.

      Served heir to his father 6th October, 1574. Died 24th November 1616.
      [Case on the Part of Sir Hugh Hume Campbell of Marchmont, Baronet, in relation to the Claim of Francis Douglas Home, Esquire, to the Titles, Honours and Dignities of Earl of Marchmont, Viscount of Blazonberry, Lord Polwart of Polwart, Reidbraes and Greenlaw. Presented to the Lords in 1843. Printed by Spottiswoode and Robertson, Westminster; pp. 76, with chart.]

      Sir George, born about 1552, was so small and weak when he was born, that he was obliged to be wrapped in wool; and he grew so rapidly that he was shewn as a prodigy to the Queen mother, widow of JamesV. He studied so well as to be accounted one of the best Latin scholars in Scotland. When scarcely grown up he was sent to the regent Morton to be brought up with his cousin, and they studied together logic, French, mathematics, mensuration, &c. He wrote several religious treatises, and was thoroughly acquainted with the Scriptures. He also studied the law; he sung well, and played on the harp; he was a keen hunter and hawker, and built a lodge on the Lammermuir, where he passed whole nights; he was a skilful rider, and broke in the most violent horses; he was a good shot with the bow; played well at tennis, and was very temperate. His mother-in-law was angry that he would not marry her daughter, but he was in love with his cousin, the Earl of Angus' sister, yet he could not propose to her, because his stepmother would prevent his father consenting; she was also in love with him, but was given by the regent to Lord Maxwell. After his father's death, he kept eighteen horsemen, each with two horses; and when he went out he was attended also by his vassals from the village of Kimmerghame, close by, who practiced the use of arms, and rode horses as beautiful and swift as the lord's, so that he was always accompanied by thirty well mounted horsemen. Hume of Cowdenknows had been improperly appointed to the place of Warden of the Eastern Marches, which had always been in the Wedderburn family, and this occasioned continual breaches between them, but Wedderburn gained great credit for the moderation with which he used every success he obtained.
      Cowdenknows, the warden, had displaced John Cranstoun from the property of Rumelten, and put Brentfield in it, a former proprietor who had been deposed by order of the King, but who, trusting in the favour of Cowdenknows, retained possession by force. Wedderburn seized this opportunity of weakening his rival's power, and agreed with Cranstoun to make over the lands to his son, and appoint him (Wedderburn) guardian to the boy. Under this title Wedderburn brought an armed force, seized the lands, put Cranstoun again in possession, which Cowdenknows and Brentfield did not again dispute.
      He behaved in the same manner in the east country, where Hume of Manderston, who had been his father's enemy, had got the Abbey of Coldingham with all its revenues, and had great power. Sir George had also some of the plunder himself, as appears by a charter of King James VI. in 1597. They had some property on the Tweed which joined each other, and a dispute arose between their vassals, when Manderston went down and took the side of his, who had wounded a tenant of Wedderburn, and ordered them to take refuge in the small fort of Snook, in that neighbourhood. Wedderburn, being in Edinburgh, came down as soon as he heard of it with his brother David, set fire to the fort of Snook, and brought the offenders prisoners to Wedderburn, where he shortly afterwards released them. He got a lease of the tiends of Greenlaw, and let them out on nearly the same terms to the people, so that, while he got little pecuniary advantage, he greatly increased the number of his vassals.
      He wished to marry the youngest daughter of Gleneagles, but thought that his brother wished to do so likewise, and therefore would not propose to her; but when David knew this, he resigned her to his brother, as it was not possible for them to be united, and he had never spoken to her on the subject. George then married her, which displeased the Regent that he had not made a greater alliance, but by it he had united himself to the Earl of Marr, and came with a great force to Edinburgh on occasion of a dispute between that nobleman and the Earl of Menteith.
      The regent Morton had married his natural son to the heiress of Hume of Spott, which made him covet the adjoining lands of Thurston, which belonged to Wedderburn, although Craigie Wallace pretended a right to them, from whom he accordingly bought them. The Regent then asked Wedderburn what he could do to satisfy him; Wedderburn replied, "nothing but that he must give them back." He upbraided the Regent for his conduct to so near a relation, and one who with his fathers before him had ever shewn such friendship to all of the name of Douglas; he added, "no man in the kingdom durst have done so but yourself, nor yourself if you had not been regent." George gave him public warning to decamp, but the Regent took possession and settled his family there, and began to build. The conspiracy then began against Morton, and George nobly stood by him, notwithstanding their private feud. Morton in return gave him a legal title to half the lands of Thurston, for he had previously only a prescriptive right by immemorial possession.
      George then used all his power, in which he was joined by all the Humes, to get his chieftain restored, which Morton resisted, and told George that he was acting against his own interests, as he would be the first in rank in the clan if Lord Hume's branch were extinguished; but he replied, he was only doing his duty to his young chief. Through the Earl of Marr's influence the wardenship was taken from Cowdenknows and restored to him.
      Morton's power now declining, Stewart, Earl of Arran, instigated by Hume of Manderston, laid a plot to seize him, and sent him letters from the king, inviting him, as Warden of the Marches, to come to court and give an account of the state of the country. George, suspecting some treachery, sent his brother David to Elphinstone to ask his advice; he advised him to send letters to Gowrie, who was treasurer, and to Seton, who were both his relations, telling them what he suspected. These letters were given to one Lockie, a public notary, who, seeing he was watched by Manderston, hid the answers in the soles of his shoes, lest he should be taken, which he was, and searched, but nothing found. According to the advice given , Wedderburn, attended by sixty horsemen, set out for Edinburgh. He met the Earl of Arran and Manderston on the sands, where it is supposed they had come to take him prisoner, but seeing his strength they let him pass. He went directly to the palace, and happened to meet the King in the court, who received him graciously. When Arran saw the King was friendly to Wedderburn, he threatened Seton in his rage, to turn him out of his office as captain of the guard., "if he allowed the King's enemies such ready access to him." Seton replied that Wedderburn was no enemy, and was there expressly at the King's desire, and in consequence of the King's own letters. When Wedderburn arrived at the inn, he got orders from the King to confine himself there. Three days after he complained to the King, that having been sent for to give an account of the state of the marches, he had been confined so soon as he had come to do so. On this he was taken before the council, and then sent to Perth, where he was confined for six months, and where he lived in the greatest friendship with Gowrie, who had command of the town. During his absence, Home of Blackadder go a sequestration of the tiends of Dunse in his own favour, which belonged to Wedderburn; and another law suit with him about the barony of Hutton, which he gained with such extensive costs and damages, that Blackadder would have been ruined, on which he generously forgave him the debt. He had the appointment of hereditary governor of Berwick, and got some of the plunder of the priory of Coldingham in 1597 from James VI. who made him also one of the gentlemen of his bedchamber and Comptroller of Scotland, d. 1616.
      [Drummond's Histories of Noble British Families, William Pickering, London, 1844, Part VI., Dunbar, Hume and Dundas Families, pages 23-24]

  • Sources 
    1. [S15] Histories of Noble British Families, Henry Drummond, (Part VI, London, William Pickering, 1844, (Folio), pp. 1-44.), Page 23 (Reliability: 3).

    2. [S41] Report on the Manuscripts of Colonel David Milne Home of Wedderburn, Historical Manuscripts Commission, (London: Printed for His Majesty's Stationary Office, By Mackie & Co. Ld., 1902), Page 6 (Reliability: 3).

    3. [S15] Histories of Noble British Families, Henry Drummond, (Part VI, London, William Pickering, 1844, (Folio), pp. 1-44.), Page 23 (Reliability: 0).

    4. [S15] Histories of Noble British Families, Henry Drummond, (Part VI, London, William Pickering, 1844, (Folio), pp. 1-44.), Page 22 (Reliability: 0).